Did the Trojan War really happen ?

The short and fast answer to this question is: No. That is because the Trojan War story falls into the category of myth.

Scholars who study the old stories divide them into three groups: myth, legend, and folktale. Myths generally involve the supernatural, in the form of gods, monsters and superheroes. The mythology of a people can help explain their past and define their values. For many groups in the past, and many today, their myths represent truth.

Legends may also be considered true by those

who tell them, though they do not involve supernatural elements. Commonly, we use the terms myth and legend in place of one another-both are part of old belief systems. Folktales may contain fantasy elements similar to some myths, yet no one believes that they are true. Rather, they are told as a form of entertainment, or as fables, which are stories that teach a moral lesson.

The myth of the Trojan War was certainly truth for Greek speaking people living 27 centuries ago. They believed that their ancestors took part in the events of the war. Their descendants continued to believe the story was true for about 1000 years.

And yet, although we understand today that the Trojan War story is myth, full of supernatural and very unlikely events, could there still be a core of historical truth in it?

When Heinrich Schliemann dug at Troy

over 100 years ago, the location of Homer's city had been forgotten. In the excitement of the find, some people were ready to believe that the existence of the city proved the reality of the myth. Many scholars were quick to point out that we lack full proof of the war. But more and more, it seems that something like the Trojan War might have happened. What makes us think that? Several things are now known that Schliemann and his supporters could not have imagined.

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