What did they eat?

it takes a lot of feed to raise an animal to maturity, especially big animals such as beef cattle. You can keep a reproducing sow and boar, who will bring out large litters of piglets, on less feed. Pigs will eat anything!

Of course, bones can't tell us what grains or vegetables the Trojans were eating. If we look around Troy today, we see the farmers growing tomatoes, eggplant, bell peppers and tobacco. But don't be fooled and think these are traditional! These items came very recently (since 1500 CE) from the Americas.

Archaeologists who specialize in pollen analysis have discovered information about the ancient diet. Wheat was a staple, made into bread and porridge. Legumes (peas,

beans, lentils) were eaten often, providing a plant-based source of protein.

Believe it or not, it wasn't until Troy VIII and IX that the Trojans had apples. Peaches, cherries, apricots, and apples came from the east, from Central Asia, and were not common until the Roman period. Some fruits that had reached Troy earlier were the grape, the olive and the fig, all still staples of a Mediterranean diet. In order to preserve surplus fruit, the Trojans built paved stone areas where the fruit could be dried in the sun.

Surplus foods were stored in ceramic vessels sunk into the ground, as in the picture above.

To round out our understanding of the Trojan diet, we need to remember that all those sheep, goats and cows would have produced a lot of milk. The Trojans probably used milk to make something like yogurt, and cheeses, good ways to preserve dairy products without refrigeration.

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